Blood Glucose Charts to Help You

A blood glucose chart identifies superb blood glucose ranges all through the day, together with earlier than and after meals.

Doctors use blood glucose charts to set goal objectives and monitor diabetes therapy plans. Blood glucose charts additionally assist these with diabetes assess and self-monitor blood glucose check outcomes.

What is a blood glucose chart?

Blood glucose charts act as a reference information for blood glucose check outcomes.  As such, blood glucose charts are necessary instruments for diabetes administration.

Keeping blood glucose ranges in test usually requires frequent at-home checks.

Most diabetes therapy plans contain protecting blood glucose ranges as shut to regular or goal objectives as potential. This requires frequent at-home and doctor-ordered testing, together with an understanding of how outcomes evaluate to goal ranges.

To assist interpret and assess blood glucose outcomes, the charts define regular and irregular blood glucose ranges for these with and with out diabetes.

In the United States, blood glucose charts sometimes report glucose ranges in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dl).  In the United Kingdom and lots of different international locations, blood glucose is reported in millimoles per liter (mmol/L).

A1C blood glucose suggestions are steadily included in blood glucose charts. A1C outcomes are sometimes described as each a proportion and a median blood glucose degree in mg/dl.

An A1C check measures the common glucose ranges over a Four-month interval, which supplies a wider perception into an individual’s general administration of their blood glucose ranges.

Most blood glucose charts present beneficial ranges as a variety, permitting for variations between people.

The American Diabetes Association (ADA), Joslin Diabetes Center (JDC), and American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) additionally supply barely completely different blood glucose pointers for these with diabetes.

Time of test

Blood glucose ranges for these with out diabetes

Target blood glucose ranges for these with diabetes

Fasting (earlier than breakfast)

lower than 100 mg/dL

80 – 130 mg/dL (ADA)
70-130 mg/dL (JDC)
lower than 110 (AACE)

Before meals

lower than 110 mg/dL

70-130 mg/dL (JDC)

2 hrs after meal
1-2 hrs after meal

lower than 140 mg/dL

lower than 180 mg/dL (ADA & JDC)
lower than 140 (AACE)


lower than 120 mg/dL

between 90 – 150 mg/dL (JDC)

A1C ranges

lower than 5.7 %

lower than 7 %  (ADA)

Interpreting blood glucose meter outcomes

Interpreting blood glucose meter readings relies upon so much on particular person norms and targets.

An excellent blood glucose degree for one individual could also be too excessive or low for another person. 

However, for individuals with diabetes, some ranges of blood glucose ranges are preferable over others.

Blood glucose degree




Before meal

72 – 109 mg/dL

110 – 144 mg/dL

145 – 180 mg/dL

2 hours after meal

90 – 126 mg/dL

127 – 180 mg/dL

181 – 234 mg/dL

Time of test

Blood glucose degree in mg/dL

Fasting or earlier than breakfast

60 – 90 mg/dL

Before meals

60 – 90 mg/dL

1 hour after meal

100 – 120 mg/dL

Anyone who has very excessive or low fasting blood glucose ranges needs to be involved.

Fasting blood glucose degree

Risk degree and steered motion

50 mg/dL or much less

Dangerously low, search medical consideration

70 – 90 mg/dL

Possibly too low, get glucose if experiencing signs of low blood glucose or see a health care provider

90-120 mg/dL

Normal vary

120-160 mg/dL

Medium, see a health care provider

160 – 240 mg/dL

Too excessive, work to decrease blood glucose ranges

240-300 mg/dL

Too excessive, an indication of uncontrolled diabetes, see a health care provider

300 mg/dL or above

Very excessive, search speedy medical consideration

As lengthy as ranges aren’t critically harmful, there are methods to cut back blood glucose ranges when readings are too excessive.

Ways to decrease blood glucose embrace:

  • limiting carbohydrate consumption however not fasting
  • growing water consumption to keep hydration and dilute extra blood glucose
  • growing bodily exercise to burn extra blood glucose
  • growing fiber consumption

These strategies should not a substitute for prescribed therapy however relatively an addition to any therapy plan. If blood glucose readings appear uncommon or sudden, seek the advice of a health care provider. Various consumer and machine elements can affect blood glucose readings, inflicting them to be inaccurate.

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