Prediabetes Symptoms: Warning Signs and How to Test

More than 80% of individuals with prediabetes are unaware that they even have the situation! 

This will be harmful as a result of, with out intervention, most individuals will go on to develop sort 2 diabetes in just a few years. 

If so many individuals are unaware that they’ve prediabetes, what indicators must you be looking for? How do you check? 

This article will clarify every thing you want to know in regards to the indicators and signs of prediabetes and how to get examined for it. 

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What is prediabetes?

Prediabetes is a situation wherein your physique is experiencing insulin resistance, leading to higher-than-normal blood sugar ranges. 

Your physique continues to be producing insulin from the pancreas, however both you’re not making sufficient insulin, or your physique will not be utilizing it correctly. 

However, your blood sugar ranges usually are not excessive sufficient to be thought of diabetic.

Prediabetes is indicated when:

  • Fasting blood sugar ranges are between 100-125 mg/dL
  • Non-fasting blood sugar ranges are between 140-199 mg/dL on a two-hour, 75-gram oral glucose check 
  • A1C is between 5.7-6.four%

What are the signs of prediabetes?

This will be tough as a result of, many occasions, prediabetes doesn’t have any signs in any respect! 

This contributes to the excessive share of people who find themselves unaware that they even have the situation.

If you’re experiencing signs of prediabetes, they might embrace the next: 

  • Thirst 
  • Fatigue
  • Frequent urination/polyuria 
  • Extreme starvation 
  • Dry mouth
  • Fruity-smelling breath
  • Blurry imaginative and prescient/adjustments to imaginative and prescient 
  • Lethargy
  • Body aches 
  • Slow-healing wounds or infections 

Contact your physician instantly when you’ve got been experiencing any of those signs for 2 or extra weeks with out clarification. 

How do you get examined for prediabetes?

There are just a few methods to check for prediabetes, and all of them contain measuring the quantity of sugar you will have in your blood. 

The 3 ways to check for prediabetes are:

  • Fingerstick blood glucose check: You can discover a glucometer and check strips at your native pharmacy and do that check at dwelling to measure your blood sugar ranges. You can’t eat for 2 hours earlier than testing.
  • A1C check: This is a blood draw carried out at a laboratory that measures your common blood sugar degree over the earlier three months. Now you possibly can even measure your A1c at dwelling.
  • Glucose tolerance check: This measures blood sugar each earlier than and after you drink a candy liquid that accommodates fast-acting sugar. It has 75 grams of carbohydrates. You go into your native physician’s workplace or lab for bloodwork earlier than and after consuming the juice to see in case your blood sugar has spiked. 

How usually must you get examined for prediabetes?

If you’re at excessive danger for growing prediabetes or diabetes, each few months, your physician will need to examine your blood sugar and even perhaps run an A1C check. 

You might want to examine your blood sugar extra continuously at dwelling with an at-home glucometer and check strips that you’ll find at your native pharmacy. 

If you discover tendencies or adjustments to your blood sugars over time, particularly after meals, name your physician and inquire about an A1C check to rule out the potential of prediabetes or diabetes. 

What causes prediabetes?

There is not any precise explanation for prediabetes. However, many danger components do contribute. 

One of the foremost danger components for growing prediabetes is insulin resistance ensuing from a sedentary way of life and being chubby or overweight, together with a genetic element (household historical past.)

Staying energetic day by day and conserving your weight in a wholesome vary (particularly stomach fats) is one of the best ways to forestall prediabetes. 

Certain teams of persons are at increased danger of growing prediabetes than others. 

Read extra: What Causes Prediabetes?

Who is in danger for prediabetes?

While some danger classes are in your management, others—like your loved ones historical past—are outdoors of your management. The extra teams you fall into, the upper your danger is for prediabetes. 

Risk components that you simply can’t management: 

  • You have a direct relative who has sort 2 diabetes 
  • You are 45 years or older 
  • You are African-American, Hispanic, Native-American, Pacific Islander, or Asian-American 
  • You have Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) 
  • You have Cushing’s Syndrome or Acromegaly 
  • You have sleep apnea 
  • You had gestational diabetes whereas pregnant 
  • You take steroids for a well being situation, are on antipsychotic or HIV medicines 

The following danger components you can management: 

  • You are chubby or overweight 
  • You eat a poor weight loss program, stuffed with saturated fat and added sugars 
  • You stay a sedentary way of life and get no common train 
  • You have uncontrolled hypertension and/or excessive ldl cholesterol 
  • You have metabolic syndrome, which is a mixture of hypertension, excessive levels of cholesterol, and a big waist measurement 
  • You smoke cigarettes
  • You drink alcohol 

Making these way of life adjustments can drastically decrease your danger of growing prediabetes. 

What do you do should you’ve been lately identified with prediabetes?

Do not panic. Many occasions, prediabetes will be reversed by means of weight loss program adjustments and train. 

According to the CDC, if individuals with prediabetes lose between 5-7% of their physique weight and enhance bodily exercise to 150 minutes per week, they’ll usually reverse their prediabetes. 

The CDC-recognized National Diabetes Prevention Program (NDPP) is an evidence-based program provided in all states and lined by most insurance policy (together with Medicare) that teaches the fundamentals of reversing prediabetes. 

Studies present that individuals who have taken the NDPP lower their danger of growing sort 2 diabetes by 58% (71% for individuals over the age of 60.)

There are additionally efficient medical choices for treating prediabetes. You can learn extra about them in our article Prediabetes Medication: What are the Options?

Can prediabetes come again when you reverse it?

You are prone to growing prediabetes once more—and being at a better danger for growing sort 2 diabetes as effectively—should you cease exercising and sustaining a nutritious diet. 

This is why way of life adjustments, together with weight loss program, train, and sustainable weight reduction, are advisable for the long-term reversal of prediabetes and prevention of sort 2 diabetes.

Talk along with your physician when you’ve got questions or issues about your prediabetes coming again. 

Read extra: Prediabetes Diet: What to Eat & What to Avoid